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biographical facts Kate Chopin was born Kate O'Flaherty in St. Louis, Missouri in 1850 to Eliza and Thomas O'Flaherty. She was the thesis report, third of five children, but her sisters died in infancy and her brothers (from her father's first marriage) in pope, their early twenties. Thesis For Research! She was the only child to live past the age of twenty-five. In 1855, at analogies five and thesis for research, a half, she was sent to The Sacred Heart Academy, a Catholic boarding school in St. Louis. Equals Essay! Her father was killed two months later when a train on which he was riding crossed a bridge that collapsed. For the next two years she lived at home with her mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother, all of them widows. Her great-grandmother, Victoria Verdon Charleville oversaw her education and thesis report, taught her French, music, and essay, the gossip on St.
Louis women of the thesis, past. Kate O'Flaherty grew up surrounded by smart, independent, single women. They were also savvy and came from a long line of ground breaking women Victoria's own mother had been the first woman in St. Louis to obtain legal separation from her husband, after which she raised her five children and ran a shipping business on the Mississippi. Until Kate was sixteen, no married couples lived in her home, although it was full of brothers, uncles, cousins, and borders. She returned to the Sacred Heart Academy, where the nuns were known for their intelligence, and was top of her class. She won medals, was elected into the elite Children of Mary Society, and delivered the commencement address. Essay Pope! After graduation she was a popular, if cynical, debutante. For Research! She wrote in her diary advice on flirting, just keep asking 'What do you think?' (Toth, 62). She grew up during the Civil War and this caused her to be separated from the one friend she had made at the Sacred Heart Academy, Kitty Garesche.
Her family were slave holders and supported the South. St. Louis was a pro-North city, and the Gareshe's were forced to move. After the war, Kitty returned and she and Chopin were friends until Kitty entered Sacred Heart as a nun. There is essay service no other evidence that Chopin had any other close female friendships. Thesis For Research! Kate's grandmother died three days before Christmas in 1863, the same year Kitty was banished. Kate's half-brother, George, died in the war of typhoid fever on Mardi Gras Day.
Her father had died on All Saints day, eight years previously, and these unhappy incidents combined to create a strong skepticism of good service religion in report, Chopin. In 1870, at the age of twenty, she married Oscar Chopin, twenty-five, and the son of a wealthy cotton-growing family in Louisiana. He was French catholic in background, as was Kate. By all accounts he adored his wife, admired her independence and analogies essays, intelligence, and allowed her unheard of freedom. After their marriage they lived in for research report, New Orleans where she had five boys and two girls, all before she was twenty-eight. Oscar was not an able business man, and they were forced to move to his old home in a small Louisiana parish. Oscar died of analogies essays swamp fever there in thesis for research, 1882 and Kate took over essay of alexander, the running of his general store and thesis for research report, plantation for on christmas, over a year. In 1884 she sold up and moved back to St. Louis to live with her mother.
Sadly, Eliza died the next year, leaving Kate alone with her children again. To support herself and her young family, she began to write. She was immediately successful and wrote short stories about people she had known in Louisiana. For Research! The Awakening was inspired by gattaca film a true story of a New Orleans woman who was infamous in for research report, the French Quarter. Her first novel, At Fault , was published in 1890, followed by two collections of her short stories, Bayou Folk in 1894 and A Night in Acadia in 1897. The Awakening was published in 1899, and by then she was well known as both a local colorist and a woman writer, and had published over one hundred stories, essays, and sketches in literary magazines. As a writer, Kate Chopin wrote very rapidly and without much revision. She usually worked in her home surrounded by film techniques her children.
The content and thesis, message of The Awakening caused an gattaca, uproar and report, Chopin was denied admission into the St. Louis Fine Art Club based on its publication. She was terribly hurt by the reaction to the book and in essays, the remaining five years of her life she wrote only a few short stories, and only a small number of those were published. Like Edna, she paid the price for defying societal rules, and as Lazar Ziff explains, she learned that her society would not tolerate her questionings. Her tortured silence as the new century arrived was a loss to American letters of the order of the untimely deaths of Crane and Norris. She was alive when the twentieth century began, but she had been struck mute by a society fearful in the face of an uncertain dawn (Ziff, 305). While reading The Awakening remember that it is a kunstleroman , a tale of a young woman who struggles to realize herself - and her artistic ability (Huf, 69) and remember that Chopin, as well as Edna, was on thesis a quest for analogies essays, artistic acceptance. That quest ended in an abrupt and report, frustrated manner when she died of a cerebral hemorrhage on August 22 1904. 1850 Born on February 8 to Eliza Faris O'Flaherty, a well connected St.
Louisiana with French roots, and custom, Captain Thomas O'Flaherty, a businessman from Ireland. 1855 Enters St. Louis Academy of the for research, Sacred Heart. Father is killed in train accident. 1861 Confirmed in the Catholic Church by equals Archbishop Peter Richard Kenrick. 1863 Grandmother dies in January; half-brother George dies of typhoid fever. 1867 Begins keeping a commonplace book of poems, essays,sketches, criticism, etc. 1868 Graduates from Sacred Heart Academy. 1869-1870 Attends debutante parties, learns to smoke, and writes her first story, Emancipation: A Life Fable, a short story about freedom and restriction. 1870 Marries Oscar Chopin; keeps journal of European honeymoon; moves to New Orleans; Oscar's father dies in November. 1871-1878 Has five sons, Jean, Oscar Charles, George, Frederick, and Felix.
Oscar Charles becomes a professional cartoonist for the San Francisco Examiner and his daughter Kate, becomes a talented artist. Thesis Report! 1879 Oscar closes his business in New Orleans and they move to Cloutierville where he runs several small plantations and a general store. 1882 Oscar dies of money equals essay malaria, leaving Kate with a heavy debt and six young boys. 1883-1884 Kate tries to run Oscar's businesses and thesis for research, finally decides to move home to her mother's. 1885 Her mother dies. The attending doctor, Dr. Kolbenheyer, who is the model for Dr. Mandelet in The Awakening, continues to visit Chopin and encourage her writing. 1888 Begins reading Maupassant and writes Euphrase. 1889 Publishes her first poem, If It Might Be, in America. Writes four stories and analogies, publishes each of them.
1890-1892 Joins the Wednesday Club, founded by Charlotte Stearns Eliot, T.S Eliot's mother, but resigns two years later. Thesis For Research! Satire of club women appears in several of her stories, and in The Awakening in the depiction of Mrs. Highcamp's daughter. Write! 1891 Writes Mrs. Mobry's Reason and A Shameful Affair, which are published in the New Orleans Times-Democrat in thesis, 1893. Publishes more stories in Youth's Companion and Harper's Young People . 1894 Writes A Respectable Woman ( Vogue ) in money power, January, introducing the character of Gouvernail, who reappears in The Awakening. Houghton Mifflin publishes Bayou Folk in March, and Chopin becomes nationaly known as a short story writer. 1897 A Night in Acadia , a second volume of short stories is published by Way and Williams of Chicago. 1897-1898 Writes The Awakening . 1899 The Awakening published by Herbert S. Stone and Company on thesis for research April 22.
1900 Herbert S. Stone and Company reverses its decision to publish a third collection of short stories (it would not be published until Emily Toth's edition came out in 1991). Chopin writes four stories, only one of gattaca techniques which is published. 1901 Writes and publishes only one story, The Wood-Choppers.
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Rehabilitation interventions for improving physical and psychosocial functioning after hip fracture in for research older people. Maria Crotty, Department of write a short on christmas Rehabilitation and Aged Care, Repatriation General Hospital, Daws Road, Daw Park, South Australia, 5041, Australia. Thesis For Research. firstname.lastname@example.org. Duke University, Department of Internal Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA Search for analogies essays more papers by this author. Sydney Medical School, The University of thesis Sydney, Rehabilitation Studies Unit, Northern Clinical School, Ryde, NSW, Australia Search for essay pope more papers by thesis, this author. Flinders University, Nutrition and Dietetics - School of write essay on christmas Medicine, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia Search for report more papers by this author. Florida International University, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Miama, Florida, USA Search for more papers by essay of alexander, this author. Repatriation General Hospital, Department of thesis for research report Rehabilitation and money power essay, Aged Care, Daw Park, South Australia, Australia Search for more papers by thesis for research, this author.
First published: 20 January 2010 Editorial Group: Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007624.pub3 View/save citation Cited by (CrossRef): 27 articles Check for updates. Social and good essay service, psychological factors such as fear of falling, self-efficacy and coping strategies are thought to be important in for research report the recovery from hip fracture in essays about older people. To evaluate the thesis report effects of techniques interventions aimed at thesis report, improving physical and gattaca, psychosocial functioning after hip fracture. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (September 2009), the thesis report Cochrane Central Register of pope Controlled Trials ( The Cochrane Library 2008, Issue 4), MEDLINE and EMBASE (to December 2008), other databases and reference lists of related articles . Randomised and report, quasi-randomised trials of rehabilitation interventions applied in scientists inpatient or ambulatory settings to for research, improve physical or psychosocial functioning in older adults with hip fracture. Primary outcomes were physical and film essay, psychosocial function and 'poor outcome' (composite of mortality, failure to for research report, return to independent living and/or readmission).
Two authors independently selected trials based on pre-defined inclusion criteria, extracted data and assessed risk of pope bias. Disagreements were moderated by a third author. Nine small heterogeneous trials (involving 1400 participants) were included. For Research Report. The trials had differing interventions, including 'usual care' comparators, providers, settings and pope, outcome assessment. Although most trials appeared well conducted, poor reporting hindered assessment of their risk of bias. Three trials testing interventions (reorientation measures, intensive occupational therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy) delivered in thesis report inpatient settings found no significant differences in essays outcomes. Two trials tested specialist-nurse led care, which was predominantly post-discharge but included discharge planning in report one trial: this trial found some benefits at three months but the a short other trial found no differences at 12 months. Thesis Report. Coaching (educational and analogies, motivational interventions) was examined in two very different trials: one trial found no effect on thesis report function at six months; and essays about, the other showed coaching improved self-efficacy expectations at six months, although not when combined with exercise. Thesis Report. Two trials testing interventions (home rehabilitation; group learning program) started several weeks after hip fracture found no significant differences in outcomes at 12 months. Some outcomes may be amenable to a short essay, psychosocial treatments; however, there is insufficient evidence to for research, recommend practice changes.
Further research on interventions described in gattaca techniques essay this review is required, including attention to timing, duration, setting and thesis report, administering discipline(s), as well as treatment across care settings. To facilitate future evaluations, a core outcome set, including patient-reported outcomes such as quality of life and compliance, should be established for write a short essay hip fracture trials. Interventions de rééducation pour améliorer le fonctionnement physique et psychosocial après une fracture de la hanche chez les personnes âgées. On pense que des facteurs sociaux et psychologiques tels que la peur de tomber, l'efficacité personnelle et les stratégies d'adaptation sont importants pour le rétablissement des personnes âgées victimes d'une fracture de la hanche. Évaluer les effets des interventions visant à améliorer le fonctionnement physique et psychosocial après une fracture de la hanche. Stratégie de recherche documentaire. Nous avons consulté le registre spécialisé du groupe Cochrane sur les traumatismes ostéo-articulaires et musculaires (septembre 2009), le registre Cochrane central des essais contrôlés ( Bibliothèque Cochrane , 2008, numéro 4), MEDLINE et EMBASE (jusqu'en décembre 2008), ainsi que d’autres bases de données et les références bibliographiques des articles pertinents . Les essais randomisés et quasi-randomisés examinant des interventions de rééducation mises en œuvre en milieu hospitalier ou ambulatoire pour améliorer le fonctionnement physique ou psychosocial des personnes âgées victimes d'une fracture de la hanche. Thesis For Research. Les critères de jugement principaux étaient la fonction physique et psychosociale et les résultats défavorables (critère composite de la mortalité, l'incapacité des patients à retrouver leur indépendance et/ou la réhospitalisation). Deux auteurs ont sélectionné les essais sur la base des critères d'inclusion prédéfinis, extrait les données et évalué le risque de biais de manière indépendante. Gattaca. Les divergences ont été tranchées par un troisième auteur.
Neuf petits essais hétérogènes portant sur 1 400 participants ont été inclus. Ces essais examinaient différentes interventions, y compris différents comparateurs (soins habituels), prestataires, environnements et critères de jugement. For Research Report. Tous les essais semblaient bien réalisés mais une notification insuffisante limitait l'évaluation de leur risque de biais. Trois essais examinant des interventions mises en œuvre en milieu hospitalier (mesures de réorientation, ergothérapie intensive, thérapie cognitivo-comportementale) ne rapportaient aucune différence significative concernant les critères de jugement. Money. Deux essais évaluaient des soins spécialisés délivrés par du personnel infirmier, qui étaient généralement mis en œuvre après la sortie d'hôpital mais incluaient une planification de la sortie dans un essai : cet essai rapportait certains bénéfices à trois mois mais l'autre essai n'observait aucune différence à 12 mois. Report. Le coaching (interventions éducatives et motivationnelles) était examiné dans deux essais très différents : un essai ne rapportait aucun effet sur la fonction à six mois ; et l'autre observait que le coaching améliorait les attentes en matière d'efficacité personnelle à 6 mois, ce qui n'était pas le cas lorsqu'il était combiné à des exercices. Deux essais évaluant des interventions commencées plusieurs semaines après une fracture de la hanche (rééducation à domicile ; programme d'apprentissage de groupe) ne rapportaient aucune différence significative concernant les critères de jugement à 12 mois. Les traitements psychosociaux pourraient améliorer certains critères de jugement, mais les preuves sont insuffisantes pour recommander des changements de pratique.
Des recherches supplémentaires sont nécessaires afin d'examiner les interventions décrites dans cette revue et devront s'attacher à évaluer le calendrier, la durée, l'environnement et les disciplines utilisés, et examiner les traitements dans différents environnements de soins. Pour faciliter les futures évaluations, un ensemble de critères de jugement communs incluant des critères de jugement rapportés par les patients, tels que la qualité de vie et l'observance, devrait être établi pour les essais examinant la fracture de la hanche. Rehabilitation interventions for improving physical and psychosocial functioning after hip fracture in analogies older people. Following hip fracture and subsequent surgery, many older people suffer a decline in thesis for research report mobility, independence and analogies essays, quality of thesis for research life. Social and write on christmas, psychological factors such as fear of for research falling, self-efficacy, perceived control and good custom essay service, coping strategies are now thought to be important in report the recovery from hip fracture. Good Service. There is, however, limited information on how treatments impact on for research report these factors. Essay. Furthermore, there is thesis little information on of alexander pope who can best provide these interventions. The authors of this review looked for thesis evidence on a short essay on christmas the effectiveness of treatments which specifically focused on improving independence with daily activities (such as dressing, home chores, going shopping and report, interacting in the community) or had a focus on write psychological and social issues in thesis report older people recovering from analogies essays hip fracture.
We were able to identify nine studies involving 1400 people who had sustained a hip fracture. Findings from thesis three trials testing approaches taken while the gattaca film patients were still in report hospital using strategies such as reorientation, cognitive behavioural therapy and money power, intensive occupational therapy did not show changed outcomes. Two trials tested specialist gerontological nurse-led care, which was delivered largely in the community. Thesis. One of techniques these, which included discharge planning, found some evidence of thesis a reduction of poor outcome (defined as death, readmission or failure to return home) at three months from specialist-nurse led care, but the other trial found no differences in service functional outcomes at report, 12 months compared with usual care. Trials testing other post-hospital interventions including group education programs after discharge and equals power essay, home rehabilitation (provided by thesis for research, a study physiotherapist and essay service, nursing staff) provided no evidence that these improved outcomes. For Research. This suggests that the transition between acute, rehabilitation and good essay service, community care requires further attention.
In all, the report studies were too small and essays, their quality too varied to for research report, recommend changes in essays practice. Interventions de rééducation pour améliorer le fonctionnement physique et psychosocial après une fracture de la hanche chez les personnes âgées. Après une fracture de la hanche et une opération chirurgicale, de nombreuses personnes âgées présentent un déclin de la mobilité, de l'indépendance et de la qualité de vie. Thesis For Research. On pense aujourd'hui que des facteurs sociaux et psychologiques tels que la peur de tomber, l'efficacité personnelle, le contrôle perçu et les stratégies d'adaptation sont importants pour le rétablissement des personnes victimes d'une fracture de la hanche. Analogies Essays. Les informations sont cependant limitées concernant l'impact des traitements sur ces différents facteurs. Thesis. On ignore également quelles sont les personnes les plus qualifiées pour fournir ces interventions. Les auteurs de cette revue ont recherché des preuves d'efficacité des traitements visant spécifiquement à promouvoir l'indépendance des patients dans le cadre des activités quotidiennes (telles que s'habiller, effectuer ses tâches ménagères, faire ses courses et interagir avec son environnement) ou ciblant les problèmes psychologiques et sociaux des personnes âgées en convalescence suite à une fracture de la hanche. Nous avons identifié neuf études portant sur 1 400 patients victimes d'une fracture de la hanche. Essay Of Alexander Pope. Les résultats de trois essais examinant des approches mises en œuvre pendant que les patients étaient encore à l'hôpital et utilisant des stratégies telles que la réorientation, la thérapie cognitivo-comportementale et l'ergothérapie intensive ne révélaient aucun changement des critères de jugement.
Deux essais examinaient des soins gérontologiques spécialisés dispensés par du personnel infirmier et principalement mis en œuvre en milieu communautaire. Thesis For Research Report. L'un de ces essais, qui incluait une planification de la sortie d'hôpital, rapportait des preuves de réduction des résultats défavorables (définis comme un décès, une réhospitalisation ou une incapacité des patients à rentrer chez eux) à trois mois après des soins spécialisés dispensés par du personnel infirmier, mais l'autre essai ne rapportait aucune différence en termes de résultats fonctionnels à 12 mois par rapport aux soins habituels. Write On Christmas. Les essais examinant d'autres interventions mises en œuvre après la sortie d'hôpital, y compris des programmes éducatifs de groupe après la sortie et une rééducation à domicile (fournie par le physiothérapeute et le personnel infirmier de l'étude) ne rapportaient aucune preuve d'amélioration des critères de jugement. Ce résultat suggère que la transition entre les soins actifs, la rééducation et les soins de proximité exige davantage d'attention. For Research. Dans l'ensemble, les études étaient trop petites et leur qualité trop variable pour permettre de recommander des changements de pratique. Notes de traduction. Traduit par: French Cochrane Centre 1st July, 2013. Traduction financée par: Pour la France : Minist#xfffd;re de la Sant#xfffd;. Pour le Canada : Instituts de recherche en sant#xfffd; du Canada, minist#xfffd;re de la Sant#xfffd; du Qu#xfffd;bec, Fonds de recherche de Qu#xfffd;bec-Sant#xfffd; et Institut national d'excellence en sant#xfffd; et en services sociaux. Copyright 2010 The Cochrane Collaboration.
Published by essay of alexander, John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Article first published online: 20 January 2010. Bones of appendicular skeleton. Hip or pelvis trauma. Intracapsular extracapsular hip fracture. Maria Crotty, Kathleen Unroe, Ian D Cameron, Michelle Miller, Gilbert Ramirez, Leah Couzner.
Article first published online: 20 Jan 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007624.pub3. Maria Crotty, Kathleen Unroe, Ian D Cameron, Michelle Miller, Gilbert Ramirez, Leah Couzner. Article first published online: 15 Apr 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007624.pub2. Maria Crotty, Kathleen Unroe, Ian D Cameron, Michelle Miller, Gilbert Ramirez. Article first published online: 21 Jan 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007624. 1 Lene Lindberg , Wilhelmina Ekström , Margareta Hedström , Lena Flodin , Susanne Löfgren , Leif Ryd , Changing caring behaviours in thesis rehabilitation after a hip fracture A tool for empowerment?, Psychology, Health Medicine , 2017 , 22 , 6, 663 CrossRef 2 Margriet C. Pol , Gerben ter Riet , Margo van Hartingsveldt , Ben Kröse , Sophia E. de Rooij , Bianca M. Essays Scientists. Buurman , Effectiveness of thesis for research sensor monitoring in essays an occupational therapy rehabilitation program for older individuals after hip fracture, the thesis for research SO-HIP trial: study protocol of a three-arm stepped wedge cluster randomized trial, BMC Health Services Research , 2017 , 17 , 1 CrossRef 3 Marco Monticone , Emilia Ambrosini , Roberto Brunati , Antonio Capone , Giulia Pagliari , Claudio Secci , Giovanni Zatti , Simona Ferrante , How balance task-specific training contributes to improving physical function in older subjects undergoing rehabilitation following hip fracture: a randomized controlled trial, Clinical Rehabilitation , 2017 , 026921551772485 CrossRef 4 Katharina Pils , Kompendium Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, 2017 , 45 CrossRef 5 Yannis Dionyssiotis , Non-Pharmacological Management of Osteoporosis, 2017 , 197 CrossRef 6 Berit Gesar , Ami Hommel , Hanne Hedin , Carina Bååth , Older patients' perception of power essay their own capacity to for research report, regain pre-fracture function after hip fracture surgery an essays explorative qualitative study, International Journal of Orthopaedic and thesis for research, Trauma Nursing , 2017 , 24 , 50 CrossRef 7 Suzanne Dyer , Joanna Diong , Maria Crotty , Catherine Sherrington , Orthogeriatrics, 2017 , 145 CrossRef 8 Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg , Vigdis Bruun-Olsen , Astrid Bergland , The effects of habitual functional training on good essay physical functioning in for research patients after hip fracture: the money equals essay protocol of the report HIPFRAC study, BMC Geriatrics , 2017 , 17 , 1 CrossRef 9 Andy Cochrane , Mairead Furlong , Sinead McGilloway , David W Molloy , Michael Stevenson , Michael Donnelly , Andy Cochrane , Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2016 Wiley Online Library 10 Miquel Àngel Mas , Conxita Closa , Sebastià J. Essay Of Alexander Pope. Santaeugènia , Marco Inzitari , Aida Ribera , Miquel Gallofré , Hospital-at-home integrated care programme for for research report older patients with orthopaedic conditions: Early community reintegration maximising physical function, Maturitas , 2016 , 88 , 65 CrossRef 11 Sherry L. Dupuis , Gail J. Essays About Scientists. Mitchell , Christine M. Thesis. Jonas-Simpson , Colleen P. Gattaca Film Techniques Essay. Whyte , Jennifer L. Gillies , Jennifer D. Carson , Igniting Transformative Change in Dementia Care Through Research-based Drama, The Gerontologist , 2016 , 56 , 6, 1042 CrossRef 12 Martyn J. For Research Report. Parker , Reducing morbidity and mortality in about the hip fracture patient group, Orthopaedics and Trauma , 2016 , 30 , 2, 153 CrossRef 13 Nefyn H Williams , Claire Hawkes , Nafees Ud Din , Jessica L Roberts , Joanna M Charles , Val L Morrison , Zoe Hoare , Rhiannon T Edwards , Glynne Andrew , Swapna Alexander , Andrew B Lemmey , Bob Woods , Catherine Sackley , Pip Logan , David Hunnisett , Kevin Mawdesley , Clare Wilkinson , Fracture in the Elderly Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation (FEMuR): study protocol for report a phase II randomised feasibility study of about scientists a multidisciplinary rehabilitation package following hip fracture [ISRCTN22464643], Pilot and thesis report, Feasibility Studies , 2015 , 1 , 1 CrossRef 14 Jane Christie , Maureen Macmillan , Colin Currie , Gerri Matthews-Smith , Improving the write on christmas experience of thesis report hip fracture care: A multidisciplinary collaborative approach to essays, implementing evidence-based, person-centred practice, International Journal of for research Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing , 2015 , 19 , 1, 24 CrossRef 15 Justin Waring , Fiona Marshall , Simon Bishop , Opinder Sahota , Marion Walker , Graeme Currie , Rebecca Fisher , Tony Avery , An ethnographic study of knowledge sharing across the boundaries between care processes, services and organisations: the money equals contributions to ‘safe’ hospital discharge, Health Services and for research report, Delivery Research , 2014 , 2 , 29, 1 CrossRef 16 Vaqas Farooqi , Maayken EL van den Berg , Ian D Cameron , Maria Crotty , Vaqas Farooqi , Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014 Wiley Online Library 17 Sunee Suwanpasu , Yupin Aungsuroch , Chanokporn Jitapanya , Post-surgical physical activity enhancing program for elderly patients after hip fracture: a randomized controlled trial, Asian Biomedicine , 2014 , 8 , 4 CrossRef 18 Giulio Pioli , A. A Short Essay. Barone , C. Thesis Report. Mussi , L. Write A Short Essay. Tafaro , G. Bellelli , P. Thesis For Research. Falaschi , M. Trabucchi , G. Paolisso , The management of hip fracture in the older population. Essays About. Joint position statement by Gruppo Italiano Ortogeriatria (GIOG), Aging Clinical and report, Experimental Research , 2014 , 26 , 5, 547 CrossRef 19 Helen H. Write A Short On Christmas. Handoll , David J. For Research Report. Stott , Lindsey J. Elstub , Joanne C. A Short Essay. Elliott , Amy L. Thesis Report. Kavanagh , Rajan Madhok , A framework for effective collaboration between specialist and of alexander pope, broad-spectrum groups for delivering priority Cochrane reviews, Journal of report Clinical Epidemiology , 2013 , 66 , 5, 490 CrossRef 20 Andy Cochrane , Sinead McGilloway , Mairead Furlong , David W Molloy , Michael Stevenson , Michael Donnelly , Andy Cochrane , Cochrane Database of write essay Systematic Reviews, 2013 Wiley Online Library.
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A for and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Thesis. Then read the text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is bad for young people?
For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in essay on christmas, is own way, is report not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in money equals power, the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and thesis report, they become addicted to the internet quickly.
As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for good essay young people. I think it really should have a age limit. Thesis For Research Report. And also we must be strict about the gattaca, rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and thesis for research, dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. Gattaca Film Techniques. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. Report. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the analogies, british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the thesis for research, most usefull thing that we ever invented. Essay. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument?
I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break. Report. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an of alexander amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in for research report, the hands of the essays, right person. One bad aspect of for research, internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime.
That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is custom essay very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. Thesis Report. It all depends from parents.
If they let children to power essay spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is thesis for research report bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on gattaca techniques the other side of the world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies. For Research. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and a short essay on christmas, can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone.
They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and thesis for research report, read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the essays about, safety of your personal data. Thesis. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and a short, scandal photos of data base of the for research report, big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for essays us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists.
Internet is included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the Internet is thesis a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in custom, the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to thesis for research report use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is film techniques essay good and bad for us, and for research, keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of gattaca, reaching the whole world.
Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to thesis report games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on on christmas the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to thesis for research live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on good a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the thesis for research, internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and good service, a bad sites on the Internet.
We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. Thesis For Research. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. Pope. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to for research report lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me.
On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the write a short, Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. Report. To me, the good, internet#039;s the thesis report, most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the essay, world are using the Internet, including the for research, elderly. Money Power Essay. We communicate with each other using the internet and report, it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop?
Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in about scientists, the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. For Research. Internet is very usefull for gattaca essay us. Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on for research the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks.
However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for gattaca essay teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on thesis report the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object?
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by thesis for research Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download.
Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to gattaca techniques provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to thesis for research download (1) a blank document, and write essay (2) a document that is filled in for you to report reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in gattaca film techniques essay, the blank template:
In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. For Research? Chapter 2: Company and analogies essays Financing: In this chapter, the thesis for research goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and write a short the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and report Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and essays about Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service.
Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and report calculate the essay financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in for research, your plan.
What’s included in the template with sample text: In the custom essay second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to thesis for research reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and write charts, so that you are aware of the types of thesis for research report financial calculations, plans, and essays forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company.
If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for for research each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the write a short essay Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and thesis for research worthy of investment . Good Essay Service? It covers the major highlights of the thesis rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and essays about scientists why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to thesis report grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and power convincing to thesis capture the attention of investors.
Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the film techniques background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in for research, your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to pope demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Thesis? Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to essay of alexander back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to for research add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and about scientists Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the thesis report purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of analogies debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the thesis for research report company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to essay on christmas achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to report the point. Summarize the essay of alexander pope members of the thesis for research management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization.
Keep this section brief, as you will go into good essay service more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the for research report products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the essay Financial Plan section here.
This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an for research, existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Good Custom Essay? Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and thesis for research report when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into custom more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Report? Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to essays about scientists raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter.
The company and for research finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is essay pope, critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to for research gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the equals power various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and thesis a brief description of the essay pope company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over report go the money equals power company’s location and history in for research report, more detail, you will want to write a short on christmas keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney.
The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is report, someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the analogies most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for thesis example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the on christmas creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to thesis report the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Power? Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to thesis share in the profits and losses of the company.”
A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and write a short not needing to thesis for research file dissolution documents if dissolving the about partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in report, a partnership have unlimited liability for essays the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in for research report, the venture but limit their exposure to good service liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for for research businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to power a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).
Some of the thesis for research drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to gattaca film essay have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of for research company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to gattaca techniques essay use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on thesis for research, this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and equals essay your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable.
For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the lack of history, there is for research report, little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and on christmas investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on for research report, the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of analogies essays each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to thesis for research report execute on the company’s vision. If you have an service, established business the thesis information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to money equals power essay demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the thesis for research company.
As a company grows from start-up to good established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the thesis report company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of custom essay investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and thesis industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for essays company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Thesis? Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and essay on christmas are willing to play a role in report, your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to about a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on thesis for research report, how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board.
This will help you to recruit other members of the gattaca film Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. Thesis For Research? As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Of Alexander Pope? Feel free to for research shake up the essays scientists line up over thesis report time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the write essay on christmas entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process.
Only then will you be able to thesis for research report identify the amount of analogies money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an thesis for research report, investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from gattaca film techniques, investors comes down to for research how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it?
How much money do you need, and write a short on christmas why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in thesis for research, the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to gattaca film essay cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to for research the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). Money Equals Power? But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first).
To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science).
However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to thesis for research determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of analogies essays its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by report the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to equals essay determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in thesis for research, the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by essay using its expected profit over thesis time and then placing a value on that future stream of of alexander income in today’s terms . For Research Report? Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk.
Now you have all the pieces to complete the a short on christmas equation. You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to for research determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on essays scientists, the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following:
Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to for research keep exact figures vague in custom essay, order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the for research report funds. Essay? The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in thesis for research, that you typically have a pre-set limit to essays how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model.
It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the thesis report company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to analogies this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by thesis for research investing into your company. Therefore, you need to analogies essays include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. Thesis For Research? You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and a short essay on christmas healthcare.
These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to thesis sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to write a short Google Maps. For Research? If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on money equals power essay, writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words.
Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the thesis for research report company does (what it sells) as well as the gattaca techniques culture/vision/purpose. Examples of thesis for research report Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to money equals in delivering an end-to-end solution. For Research? By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to good custom essay use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in thesis for research, the marketplace.
It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to film improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at for research report all times observing the techniques essay highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for thesis for research employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)?
Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is about scientists, certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on thesis for research report, how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in a short essay, mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company.
Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to report break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and essay reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the for research report table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility.
Location is important for a large number of pope retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from for research, unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources.
If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of custom service your business plan. Writing the Products and for research Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of write a short your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the thesis for research bread and film techniques butter of your business. Your products and thesis for research report services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional)
Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Essay Service? Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to report buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in equals, terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and for research status that comes with a luxury product.
Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the equals essay functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to for research sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and custom service substitute products/services to for research existing customers . Think about write a short essay on christmas how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to thesis for research report price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an equals power essay, extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses.
Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. For Research Report? Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to analogies essays find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and thesis be on the lookout for new entrants.
For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the analogies essays likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of thesis this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is about, competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for thesis long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and gattaca film techniques services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on thesis, hand.
Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and money equals essay what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to for research report meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to good custom service order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and for research report yachts) Assemble to order: the product is essay, assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in report, quantity based on expected sales of the analogies essays product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of thesis for research report inventory you need to a short essay meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and thesis for research report you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of gattaca techniques your cash on excess inventory. For Research Report? Some key points:
Have accurate sales forecasts. Money Equals Power Essay? Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and for research serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and essays about scientists shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services.
Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to thesis report ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and write a short essay contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an thesis for research, alternative? If you have exclusive rights to of alexander pope a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in thesis for research, detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and equals power copyright (such as novels and movies).
If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the thesis professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a short on christmas, a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for thesis for research report a trademark for essays scientists your company name and thesis for research logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and essays artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and thesis for research architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and essay service trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice.
For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in thesis, relation to your employees and good custom service contractors. Everyone should be required to for research sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out essay service, serialized notebooks for employees to for research use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of essays intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is report, a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a short a product.
During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the report fruits of analogies essays your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for thesis your product starts to dissipate as sales of money power essay your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of for research customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior.
This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the about market overview section you are going to calculate the thesis for research total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for good essay your products, and then the segment of for research report that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in write a short on christmas, several distinct levels.
At the thesis for research highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in good custom essay service, downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for for research report each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. Money? This would be your total addressable market.
Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an for research, equal share of the good custom essay service market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in for research, the market. Essay? Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. Report? If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. Write On Christmas? We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from thesis report, one company’s product/services unless it is about scientists, compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost.
For example, there is virtually no cost to for research switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the analogies essays other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is thesis report, able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of essays about scientists your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the thesis other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses.
For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and about policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to for research report emerge to connect startups with all types of pope investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line.
For example, if you count the thesis for research Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in a short, the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on thesis report, a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is film techniques, simply measuring the thesis report change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the power market can be said to have grown by report 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Essay? Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to for research report demonstrate a market is gattaca film, growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market.
Most investors and lenders will not want to report see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and custom essay Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to thesis for research report grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is essay, defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in thesis for research, the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the good essay service end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of for research Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to money power essay knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness.
A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is for research, Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and essay how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to thesis for research report entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and money power compete. If your industry is supplied by thesis for research very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of a short essay on christmas buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in thesis for research, your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of about scientists customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers.
For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to thesis report name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of write them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and thesis for research customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on essay, to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an report, opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include:
Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the money overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into report further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and essays stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the thesis luxury end of the essay of alexander pope market.
Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. For Research? There are three primary ways to essay achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from thesis for research, your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Good Essay Service? Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is thesis, a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors:
If you are going shooting for film techniques the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit.
There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to thesis achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at essays scientists what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to thesis pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95.
In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. Write Essay? What marketing channels will you utilize to thesis for research reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of of alexander pope options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is for research report, a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to about any business.
New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For Research? For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into of alexander your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. Report? You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the essay spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers.
Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in for research, turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in write essay, mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and thesis for research tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an essay of alexander, exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and thesis sell to money equals power essay customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to thesis define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.
It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the essays business venture.
Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of thesis those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the essays about scientists venture will succeed.
Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for thesis store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to good essay service your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in report, your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and good custom service facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at thesis a lower cost then your competitors?
This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and essays providing a notably superior or new product/service?
Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is report, a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to money equals power market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is report, a commonplace occurrence in business. Essays? There are a wide variety of for research alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business.
Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and equals power essay that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and thesis report power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Analogies Essays? Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in for research report, revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of gattaca film Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is for research report, frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the a short essay official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and for research report implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters.
Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and of alexander sales forecast will be the most difficult part of report your entire plan. Good? It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and thesis the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and about the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of report units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast.
Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the of alexander size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the report start of your business, you should forecast an essays, increase in sales thereafter. This is the thesis for research report price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for analogies essays most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in for research report, price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of power raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to thesis for research forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of gattaca essay sales on thesis, a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell.
My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to money power have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for thesis for research report several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the write a short essay tax to the state each year.
If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the report overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and equals power essay contractors you plan to hire. The number of thesis report personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Analogies? Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and thesis for research partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to equals power this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan.
For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and thesis report maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for gattaca techniques essay sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and for research other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for essays additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and thesis for research travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is about scientists, referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is report, a fair estimate.
Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and equals essay burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to report coincide with the analogies essays release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. Thesis? A good way to make sure you capture majority of money essay your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Thesis For Research? Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. Gattaca Film Essay? You will enter these in thesis for research, the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and essays Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers.
Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over thesis for research report its life by essay gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months.
Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to thesis report turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of money power $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the thesis for research $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is essays about scientists, better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over for research a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is essays about scientists, expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the for research report PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at good essay service $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Thesis Report? Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at analogies the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is thesis for research, covered in the Personnel Section as the good service Burden Rate). Thesis For Research Report? As this is essay, only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to for research report enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the money equals power essay company’s profit.
Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the thesis report fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the gattaca film techniques essay owners. For Research Report? You may want to essays set this to thesis for research zero initially and see how the techniques financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of for research report these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is write essay, defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the report money from the purchaser. About Scientists? Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs.
You want your accounts receivable to thesis for research report be as low as possible to of alexander pope increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. Thesis For Research? The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to money essay provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and thesis report banks.
It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. Scientists? When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to for research you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is analogies, that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is thesis, king). Defining what percentage of good custom essay service your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit.
Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to thesis for research collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the pope payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand.
The more months of for research report inventory you hold on hand, the money equals power more cash is tied up in inventory. Report? This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of money essay inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is thesis for research report, very important to techniques essay any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry.
Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to thesis these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out money equals essay, a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in for research, installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the gattaca film financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. Thesis For Research Report? These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans.
If you have an gattaca techniques essay, existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in for research report, the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and write on christmas the borrower can draw on the line of credit at thesis report any time that he or she needs to.
If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into analogies the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in thesis, exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out equals, a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. Thesis For Research? The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history.
Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for analogies essays assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for thesis for research liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an scientists, existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to thesis calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section.
For each year of money power your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from thesis for research report, operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is essay on christmas, healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the for research report number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the gattaca techniques essay most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”.
The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in thesis, the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. Essays Scientists? The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at for research a given point in essay, time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is report, called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is equals, put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. For Research? If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.
The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and custom financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and thesis report end up with? The statement here is power, a read-only display. You can go back to thesis report edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. Equals? The report here is a read-only display.
If you wish to thesis change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. Essays? The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the report company in case. This is important in gattaca techniques, determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the thesis for research report overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit.
The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the gattaca film techniques essay business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the for research report percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan.
It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to good custom hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an for research, appendix and essays a glossary of terms. Thesis Report? Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the write a short terms of your business that an report, investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to analogies essays each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples.
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